Cryptocurrency is a digital or virtual currency that operates with cryptography as a form of security and is designed to be used as a means of exchange. It uses a decentralized control system as opposed to centralized electronic money and central banking systems in operation in countries and regional organization. It is decentralized through distributed ledger technology, The Blockchain, that serves as the database of financial transaction. Examples of cryptocurrencies are: Bitcoin, Litecoin, Zcash, Dash, Ripple, Monero, among others.
The storage of cryptocurrencies unlike the central system of banking is done on the blockchain that is highly encrypted with cryptography. Blockchain database makes cryptocurrency data easy for backup on thousands of computer system all over the world. Information that is backed up is broken into pieces for storage in different locations, access to a fraction by a hacker will lead to futility, except access is gained to other data stored online. Because of this, data on the blockchain cannot be breached easily, except access is gained to all the storages it is kept at the same time which is technically impossible.
One of the most puzzling thing about cryptocurrency trading tools to beginners is the benefits of holding on to whole units or fractions of cryptocurrencies which can make them a fortune overnight.